I don\’t know how my story ends but it will never say i gave up Shirt


 I don\’t know how my story ends but it will never say i gave up Shirt  PanchatantraPanchatantraIllustration of a Panchatantra fable, about a bird who is outwitted by a crab; from an 1888 edition published as The Earliest English Version of the Fables of Bidpai, “The Moral Philosophy of Doni” translated (1570) from the Italian of Anton Francesco Doni by Sir Thomas North.During the 2nd, 3rd, and 4th centuries BCE, the sophisticated narratives that are now a part of the Hebrew Bible and the Apocrypha were first written down. The book of Tobit displays an unprecedented sense of ironic humour; Judith creates an unrelenting and suspenseful tension as it builds to its bloody climax; the story of Susanna, the most compact and least fantastic in the Apocrypha, develops a three-sided conflict involving the innocent beauty of Susanna, the lechery of the elders, and the triumphant wisdom of Daniel. The books of Ruth, Esther, and Jonah hardly need mentioning to those familiar with biblical literature: they may well be among the most-famous stories in the Judeo-Christian tradition. I don\’t know how my story ends but it will never say i gave up Shirt   Nearly all of the ancient tales, whether from Israel, India, Egypt, or the Middle East, were fundamentally didactic. Some of those ancient stories preached by presenting an ideal for readers to imitate. Others tagged with a “moral” were more direct. Most stories, however, preached by illustrating the success and joy that was available to the “good” individual and by conveying a sense of the terror and misery that was in store for the wayward.The GreeksThe early Greeks contributed greatly to the scope and art of short fiction. As in India, the moralizing animal fable was a common form; many of these tales were collected as Aesop’s fables, the first known collection of which dates to the 4th century BCE. Brief mythological stories of the gods’ adventures in love and war were also popular in the pre-Attic age. Apollodorus of Athens compiled a handbook of epitomes, or abstracts, of those tales around the 2nd century BCE, but the tales themselves are no longer extant in their original form. They appear, though somewhat transformed, in the longer poetical works of Hesiod, Homer, and the tragedians. Short tales found their way into long prose forms as well, as in Hellanicus’s Persika (5th century BCE, extant only in fragments). I don\’t know how my story ends but it will never say i gave up Shirt  Herodotus, the “father of history,” saw himself as a maker and reciter of logoi (things for telling, tales). His long History is interspersed with such fictionalized digressions as the stories of Polycrates and his emerald ring, of Candaules’ attractive wife, and of Rhampsinitus’s stolen treasure. Xenophon’s philosophical history, the Cyropaedia (4th century BCE), contains the story of the soldier Abradates and his lovely and loyal wife Panthea, perhaps the first Western love story. The Cyropaedia also contains other narrative interpolations: the story of Pheraules, who freely gave away his wealth; the tale of Gobryas’s murdered son; and various anecdotes describing the life of the Persian soldierI don\’t know how my story ends but it will never say i gave up Shirt  




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